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Cholera Epidemics in the 19th Century

The Great Plague of London, 1665

The Boston Smallpox Epidemic, 1721

“Pestilence” and the Printed Books of the Late 15th Century

Spanish Influenza in North America, 1918–1919

Syphilis, 1494–1923

Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904–1914

Tuberculosis in Europe and North America, 1800–1922

The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793

General Materials

Notable People

Related Links


Brown Family Papers

Albert Gallatin Browne (the “Brown” spelling is used by the Schlesinger Library for cataloging) was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1805, the son of James Browne and Lydia (Vincent) Browne. In 1833, he married Sarah Smith Cox, born in 1810, the daughter of Benjamin Cox and Sarah (Smith) Cox. Four of their children reached adulthood: Albert Gallatin, Jr. (1835–1891), Sarah Ellen “Nellie” (1841–1864), Alice (1843–1912), and Edward Cox (1853–1911); two sons, Benjamin (1838–1840) and Francis Cox (1851–1852), died in infancy. During the American Civil War, Browne became an agent of the United States Treasury, appraising contraband and other properties that fell into Union hands. During 1864, his wife Sarah and three of their children—Nellie, Alice, and Edward—joined him in Beaufort, South Carolina. Nellie helped to nurse wounded soldiers at a military hospital. She also became engaged to Colonel Lewis Ledyard Weld. Weld, from Hartford, Connecticut, graduated from Yale College in 1854 and served as Secretary of the Colorado Territory before resigning to command the 41st Colored Infantry. In 1864, Nellie died of typhoid fever; in January 1865, Colonel Weld died of wounds received at Petersburg, Virginia.

The full collection of Brown Papers at the Schlesinger Library consists of over seven boxes and additional folders of correspondence and other papers. Correspondence consists primarily of letters to or from relatives, friends, and business acquaintances, including correspondence, noted below, between “Nellie” and Lewis Weld and members of their families. Other papers include genealogical material, diaries, journals, writings, and photographs.