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Cholera Epidemics in the 19th Century

The Great Plague of London, 1665

The Boston Smallpox Epidemic, 1721

“Pestilence” and the Printed Books of the Late 15th Century

Spanish Influenza in North America, 1918–1919

Syphilis, 1494–1923

Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904–1914

Tuberculosis in Europe and North America, 1800–1922

The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793

General Materials

Notable People

Related Links


Mary Augusta Carr Cumings Diaries

Born in 1837 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Mary Augusta Carr Cumings lived principally in Boston, Massachusetts. She kept a brief diary every year from 1866 to 1880 in which she noted her children’s growth, illnesses, music lessons, and first days of school. She also recorded callers and described travels in New England and New York. She kept the diaries in books called The Lady’s Almanac, which contained, besides space for personal entries, printed poems and essays on female etiquette. In 1873 and 1876 (see below), she gave accounts of the medical care for her children’s bouts with scarlet fever. She described their symptoms, medications, and the care given them. Cumings died in 1904.