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Cholera Epidemics in the 19th Century

The Great Plague of London, 1665

The Boston Smallpox Epidemic, 1721

“Pestilence” and the Printed Books of the Late 15th Century

Spanish Influenza in North America, 1918–1919

Syphilis, 1494–1923

Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904–1914

Tuberculosis in Europe and North America, 1800–1922

The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793

General Materials

Notable People

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Lloyd E. Hawes Autographed Letters

The full collection at the Countway Library consists of autographed letters, principally from eminent 19th-century scientists, which were collected by Lloyd E. Hawes, MD.

The majority of the correspondence at the Countway Library concerns Florence Nightingale. With materials dating from 1856 to 1897, the subjects mainly concern the health of Nightingale’s brother-in-law and conditions during the Crimean War. Among other individuals represented in the collection are: Antoine César Becquerel, Edmond Becquerel, Sir William Crookes, Marie and Pierre Curie, Michael Faraday, William Thomson Kelvin, Louis Pasteur, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, John Tyndall, Charles Wheatstone, and Helen Brooke Taussig. In a letter (written in French), noted below, from Louis Pasteur to Louis Germont, Pasteur advises his assistant on whether or not rabbits used in experiments had died of cholera, on experiments treating crops with cholera microbes, and on the safe bottling and handling of the virus.