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Cholera Epidemics in the 19th Century

The Great Plague of London, 1665

The Boston Smallpox Epidemic, 1721

“Pestilence” and the Printed Books of the Late 15th Century

Spanish Influenza in North America, 1918–1919

Syphilis, 1494–1923

Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904–1914

Tuberculosis in Europe and North America, 1800–1922

The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793

General Materials

Notable People

Related Links

 

Title
Benjamin Waterhouse papers, 1738-1955 (inclusive), 1778-1837 (bulk)
Name/Creator
Waterhouse, Benjamin, 1754-1846, creator
Winthrop, James, 1752-1821, correspondence.
Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804, correspondent.
Webster, Noah, 1758-1843, correspondent.
Waterhouse, Louisa Lee, -1863, correpondent.
Waterhouse, John Fothergill, 1791-1817, correspondent.
Waterhouse, Benjamin, 1797-1843, correspondent.
Ware, Henry, 1764-1845, correspondent.
Tilton, James, 1745-1822, correspondent.
Thayer, William Roscoe, 1859-1923, correspondent.
Rush, Benjamin, 1754-1813, correspondent.
Redman, John, 1722-1808, correspondent.
Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804, correspondent.
Oliver, Peter, 1713-1791, correpondent.
Oliver, Daniel, 1769?-1807, correspondent.
Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831, correspondent.
Mellen, John Wendell, 1794-1829, correspondent.
Mellen, John, 1752-1828, correspondent.
Madison, James, 1751-1836, correpondent.
Luzac, Jean, 1746-1807, correspondent.
Lettsom, John Coakley, 1744-1815, correspondent.
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 1743-1794, correspondent.
Laterrière, Pierre de Sales, 1747-1815, correspondent.
Lathrop, John, 1740-1816, correspondent.
Jenner, Edward, 1749-1823, correpondent.
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826, correpondent.
Howard, Horton, 1770-1833, correspondent.
Halliburton, John, 1739?-1808, correspondent.
Hahn, John David, 1729-1784, correspondent.
Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814, correspondent.
Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849, correspondent.
Fansher, Sylvanus, 1770-1846, correpondent.
Dunglison, Robley, 1798-1869, correspondent.
Dearborn, H. A. S. (Henry Alexander Scammell), 1783-1851, correspondent.
Bowditch, Nathaniel, 1773-1838, correspondent.
Beach, W. (Wooster), 1794-1868, correspondent.
Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848, correpondent.
Adams, John, 1735-1826, correpondent.
Fansher, Sylvanus, 1770-1846
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Jenner, Edward, 1749-1823
Waterhouse, John Fothergill, 1791-1817
HOLLIS IDDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectDigital ObjectLocation
Networked Resource

Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
Language
English
Description
2.25 6
Form/Genre
mixed material

Manuscripts (document genre)

Certificates.

Correspondence.

Dissertations.

Essays.

Lectures.

Medical records.

Petitions.
Subject
Philadelphia (Pa.) ;  Cambridge (Mass.) ;  Boston (Mass.) ;  Andover (Mass.) ;  Medicine ;  Education, Medical -- history ;  Massachusetts ;  Disease -- etiology ;  Plants -- Classification ;  Families ;  Correia da Serra, José Francisco , 1750-1823 ;  Bacon, Francis , 1561-1626 ;  Boerhaave, Herman , 1668-1738 ;  Cullen, William , 1710-1790 ;  Galen ;  Hippocrates ;  Linné, Carl von , 1707-1778 ;  Newton, Isaac , 1642-1727 ;  Thomson, Samuel , 1769-1843 ;  Waterhouse, Benjamin , 1754-1846 ;  Waterhouse family ;  Boston Medical Society. ;  Harvard Medical School -- Curricula -- History ;  Harvard Medical School -- History ;  Harvard University -- Faculty ;  Medical Society of London. ;  New-Hampshire Medical Society. ;  United States Marine Hospital at Boston. ;  Agriculture -- United States ;  Anatomy -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Botany -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Diseases -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Electricity -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Entomology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Families -- New England -- History -- 19th century ;  Geology -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Materia medica ;  Medicine -- History -- 18th century ;  Medicine -- History -- 19th century ;  Medicine -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Medicine, Botanic ;  Medicine, Greek and Roman -- History ;  Mineralogy -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Minerals -- Collectors and collecting ;  Natural history -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- 19th century ;  Parent and child -- United States -- 19th century ;  Physicians' writings ;  Smallpox -- New England ;  Smallpox -- Vaccination -- History -- 18th century ;  Smallpox -- Vaccination -- History -- 19th century ;  Tuberculosis -- Diagnosis ;  Vaccination ;  Anatomy -- education ;  Bloodletting -- history ;  Botany -- education ;  Emetics -- history ;  History, 18th Century ;  History, 19th Century ;  History of Medicine ;  Hospitals, Military -- history ;  Lectures ;  Medicine -- 19th century ;  Natural History -- education ;  Pathology -- education ;  Philosophy, Medical -- history ;  Schools, Medical ;  Smallpox -- history ;  Smallpox -- prevention & control ;  Smallpox Vaccine -- history ;  Physicians ;  Professors

Category
Concepts of Contagion and Epidemics

Vaccination

Syphilis, 1494-1923

Public Health, 1900-

Medical Education and Practice

Benjamin Waterhouse, 1754-1846

Note
The Benjamin Waterhouse papers, 1738-1955 (inclusive), 1778-1837 (bulk), contain correspondence to Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846) from Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Quincy Adams, Edward Jenner, Sylvanus Fansher, Peter Oliver, and others, frequently about smallpox vaccination; copies of Waterhouse's outgoing correspondence; manuscripts containing notes for lectures he delivered at Harvard Medical School and other places; his writings on medicine and botany; and some correspondence and manuscripts pertaining to relations with Harvard. Also includes family papers, including the correspondence of his son, John Fothergill Waterhouse (1791-1817).

Benjamin Waterhouse (1754-1846) was the first Hersey Professor of Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard Medical School. He introduced vaccination against smallpox using cowpox matter in the United States in 1800. He was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was the head physician at the United States Marine Hospital in Charlestown, Massachusetts from 1807 to 1809. Waterhouse was apprenticed to a physician in Newport at age 16. In 1775, Waterhouse traveled to Europe, where under the guidance of his mother's cousin, physician John Fothergill, he enrolled at the University of Edinburgh, studying medicine with professors such as William Cullen, and then at the University of Leyden in the Netherlands, from which he earned an M.D. in 1780. While attending Leyden, Waterhouse stayed in the home of John Adams, then American minister to the Netherlands. After returning to the United States, he became the first professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School (1782) and was one of the three original members of the Harvard Medical School faculty, alongside John Warren (1753-1815) and Aaron Dexter (1750-1829). After reading a book by English physician Edward Jenner on the use of cowpox matter to vaccinate against smallpox, Waterhouse began to study vaccination, reviewing the available published materials and exchanging letters with colleagues in England, including Jenner. Waterhouse obtained a sample of cowpox matter, a thread soaked with cowpox lymph and placed in a sealed glass vial, which he used to vaccinate his son Daniel, on 8 July 1800. Waterhouse subsequently vaccinated three of his other children, Elizabeth, Benjamin, and Mary. The four children were then experimentally inoculated with smallpox at the Brookline smallpox hospital of Dr. William Aspinwall, and they were found to be immune. Waterhouse sought unsuccessfully to establish a universal vaccination program in the United States.

Benjamin Waterhouse papers, 1738-1955 (inclusive), 1778-1837 (bulk). H MS c16. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Collection is in English, French, and Latin.

Electronic finding aid available: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HMS.Count:med00213
Other Title
Other Title
  Colonial North American Project at Harvard University


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