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Cholera Epidemics in the 19th Century

The Great Plague of London, 1665

The Boston Smallpox Epidemic, 1721

“Pestilence” and the Printed Books of the Late 15th Century

Spanish Influenza in North America, 1918–1919

Syphilis, 1494–1923

Tropical Diseases and the Construction of the Panama Canal, 1904–1914

Tuberculosis in Europe and North America, 1800–1922

The Yellow Fever Epidemic in Philadelphia, 1793

General Materials

Notable People

Related Links


Papers of the Blackwell family, 1831-1981
Blackwell family., creator
Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910
Blackwell, Emily, 1826-1910
Beeman, Phoebe Stone.
Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910
Blackwell, Emily, 1826-1910
Blackwell, Emma Stone Lawrence, 1851-1920
Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910
HOLLIS IDDigital ObjectDigital ObjectLocation
Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute

Networked Resource
55.13 linear feet. (128 file boxes, 1 card file box, 1 folio+ box) plus 4 folio folders, 23 folio+ folders, 13 oversize folders, 4 supersize folders, 46 photograph folders, 2 folio photograph folders, 4 negative boxes, 1 audiocassette.
mixed material


Account books.







Orlov, P. N. (Petr Nikolaevich) ;  Jex-Blake, Sophia , 1849-1912 ;  Blackwell, Sarah Ellen , 1828-1901 ;  Blackwell, Kitty Barry , 1848-1936 ;  Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell) , 1820-1906 ;  Beecher, Catharine Esther , 1800-1878 ;  Beeman, Phoebe Stone ;  Belden, Anna Blackwell , 1883-1978 ;  Blackwell, Alice Stone , 1857-1950 ;  Blackwell, Anna , active 1875-1876 ;  Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown , 1825-1921 ;  Blackwell, Elizabeth , 1821-1910 ;  Blackwell, Emily , 1826-1910 ;  Blackwell, Emma Stone Lawrence , 1851-1920 ;  Blackwell family ;  Blackwell, George Washington , 1832-1912 ;  Blackwell, Hannah Lane , 1792-1870 ;  Blackwell, Helen Electa Thomas , 1880-1972 ;  Blackwell, Henry Browne , 1825-1909 ;  Blackwell, Howard Lane , 1877-1972 ;  Blackwell, John Howard , 1831-1866 ;  Blackwell, Marian , 1818-1897 ;  Blackwell, Samuel , 1790-1838 ;  Blackwell, Samuel Charles , 1823-1901 ;  Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith , 1827-1891 ;  Carroll, Anna Ella , 1815-1894 ;  Catt, Carrie Chapman , 1859-1947 ;  Davies, Emily , 1830-1921 ;  Flammarion, Camille , 1842-1925 ;  Greeley, Horace , 1811-1872 ;  Holmes, Oliver Wendell , 1809-1894 ;  Jacobi, Mary Putnam , 1842-1906 ;  Jones, Agnes Blackwell ;  Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice , 1820-1905 ;  Mayhew, Florence Blackwell ;  Napoleon , III, Emperor of the French , 1808-1873 ;  Nightingale, Florence , 1820-1910 ;  Stone, Lucy , 1818-1893 ;  Vassar, Matthew , 1792-1868 ;  Oberlin College -- Students ;  Wesleyan University (Middletown, Conn.) -- Students ;  Antislavery movements ;  Cooking ;  Home economics ;  Real estate business -- Massachusetts ;  Real estate business -- New Jersey ;  Real estate business -- Wisconsin ;  Vivisection ;  Women in medicine ;  Women in science ;  Women physicians ;  Women -- Societies and clubs ;  Women -- Suffrage ;  Cambridge (Mass.) -- Social life and customs ;  Ireland -- Social life and customs -- 19th century ;  Orange (N.J.) -- Social life and customs ;  Journalists ;  Physicians ;  Teachers

Florence Nightingale, 1820-1910

Syphilis, 1494-1923

Regulation and Legislation

Public Health, 1800-1899

Medical Education and Practice

The collection consists of correspondence, financial records, photographs, writings, and other papers of four generations of the U.S. branch of the Blackwell family assembled by George Washington Blackwell and his descendants. They record family activities, travel, professional work, and civic and reform involvements of a physically farflung but emotionally close-knit family. Of particular interest are the descriptions of medical education and practice in the letters of Elizabeth and Emily; the accounts of Anna's freelance newspaper work; and the records pertaining to George and Howard's real estate businesses. There are also accounts of school-teaching in the letters of Elizabeth, Emily, Emma Lawrence Blackwell, and her mother Sarah Stone Lawrence. Lucy Stone's activism against slavery and for woman's suffrage, and her Oberlin College experience are mentioned. Phoebe Stone Beeman describes life as a member of the first class of women at Wesleyan University (1876). The bulk of the collection centers on George and Emma Lawrence Blackwell and their children: Howard Lane, who married Helen Thomas, and Anna, who married Charles Belden. These papers illustrate family relationships, household management, club and reform activity, and social life in Orange, N.J., and Cambridge, Mass.

Samuel, sugar refiner, and Hannah (Lane) Blackwell emigrated from England in 1832 and settled with their nine children in Cincinnati, Ohio. After Samuel's death in 1838, the family opened a school. Later the sons went into business. Samuel, a bookkeeper and business agent, married Antoinette Brown Blackwell, first woman to be ordained as a minister in the Congregational Church. Henry was involved in sugar refining and, with his suffragist wife, Lucy Stone, founded and edited The Woman's Journal. Howard returned to work in England and died there, and George Washington made a fortune in real estate and development. None of the five sisters married; Anna was a poet, translator, and journalist based mainly in Paris, France; Marian kept house for her relatives and settled eventually near Elizabeth in Hastings, England. Elizabeth and Emily were pioneering physicians and founders of the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, and Ellen taught school and wrote a biography of Anna Ella Carroll. The third generation consists of the children of Samuel, Henry, and George, and the adopted children of Elizabeth, Emily, and Ellen, and the fourth generation consists of George's grandchildren.

Blackwell Family Papers. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

Electronic finding aid available

There is related material: Blackwell family papers at the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

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